"Omicron" is literally "O Micron"—the "little" O as opposed to the big "O," "Omega." In ancient times, the upper and lowercase forms were pronounced differently, but now they're both just "o."
If you have stayed awake in math class, you'll recognize the letter "Pi." If not, it's going to take some training to reliably see it as "p," especially since the next letter in the Greek alphabet, "rho," looks like the English character for "P" but represents the letter "r."
"Sigma," looks like a backward "E" but is pronounced "s." Its lowercase form has two variants, one of which looks like an "o" and the other which looks like a "c".
Modern Greek emerged after the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453. Greek is the oldest recorded living language, with written records spanning over 34 centuries.
There are around 13 million native Greek speakers. The Greek speakers mainly live in Greece and Cyprus, but also in Italy, Albania, Turkey.
Along with Latin, Greek is still used to create new words in English and other languages.
The nominative case (Ονομαστική) is used for subjects of sentences.
The genitive case denotes possession. In Greek it is Γενική.
The accusative case is used for direct & indirect objects of sentences. In Greek it is Αιτιατική.
Educator at Lintasbola Greek Language Classes